Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms

Get the details on urinary tract infection symptoms.

Urinary Tract Infection Treatment

Urinary tract infections which are not complicated can normally be treated with oral antibiotics, commonly over a period of 3 days for young adults and 5 days for the elderly. Examples of such antibiotics include:

Cephalosporins
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, etc.)
Nitrofurantoin
Trimethoprim

Cases involving symptoms related to kidney infection (pyelonephritis) may call for intravenous antibiotics, rather than oral ones. These are typically continued for 48 hours after the fever subsides. If a patient has a poor response to intravenous antibiotics, then imaging (normally a CT scan) is done to rule out the possibility of an abscess having formed within or around the kidney. It may also be determined whether there is an obstructing lesion, such as a kidney stone or tumor.

At-home treatment may be accomplished through means such as increasing the patient's water intake, frequently urinating ("voiding"), avoiding sugars and alcohol, taking vitamin C at the day's final meal, and drinking unsweetened cranberry juice. Pain in the back, persisent pain, fever, or blood in the urine may indicate a kidney infection, in which case a doctor's care is especially recommended.